About Grenada


Grenada is located in the extreme South of the Caribbean and is comprised of three islands – Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique. The island is 21 miles long and 12 miles wide and is picturesque with breathtaking views, beautiful white sand beaches, lush, green rolling hills and mountains. It is otherwise known as ‘The Spice isle’ but was recently dubbed Pure Grenada – the Spice of the Caribbean.

Getting to Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique

Grenada is just 3 hours from Miami, 5 hours from New York, Boston and Toronto and 9 hours from London, all by direct air service. Trinidad is just a 30 minutes flight away, Barbados 40 minutes and Venezuela 45 minutes. Grenada also welcomes several major airlines, including American Airlines, British Airways, Virgin Atlantic, jetBlue, Condor & more.

Official Name: Grenada

Population: 114,299 (2023 est.)

Capital: St. George's (est. pop. 37,057)

Time Zone: Atlantic Standard Time (AST) - EST +1, GMT -4

International Dialing Code: +1 473

Currency Eastern Caribbean Dollars (XCD)

Language: English (Official)

Major Religion: Christianity

Literacy Rate: 94%

Type of State: Constitutional Monarchy

Head of Government: Hon. Dickon Mitchell

Head of State: Dr. Cécile La Grenade

The Grenadian Gallery

The indigenous Carib people inhabited Grenada when Christopher Columbus landed on the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. In the 17th century, the French settled Grenada, establishing sugar estates and importing large numbers of African slaves. Britain took control of the island in 1762 and significantly expanded sugar production. However, by the 19th century, cacao had surpassed sugar as the main export crop, and in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export.

In 1967, Britain granted Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was achieved in 1974, making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. In 1979, the leftist New Jewel Movement, led by Maurice Bishop, seized power, initiating the Grenada Revolution. However, factionalism within the revolutionary government led to Bishop's overthrow and subsequent death on October 19, 1983.

Six days later, US forces, along with those of six other Caribbean nations, intervened, swiftly capturing the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Rule of law was restored, and democratic elections were reinstated the following year, which have continued since then.

Area: 3 islands, 133 sq. m (344 km2)
Location: 12.07° N 61.40° W
Climate: Tropical – avg. temp of 75°F (24°C)
Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains
Real GDP (PPP): $1.706 billion (2021 est.)
Labour Force: 55,270 (2017 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 24% (2017 est.)
Exchange Rate (per USD): 2.7 (2024)

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